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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Author Guidelines

Journal of Contemporary English Teaching and Learning in Non-English-Speaking Countries (CETL) considers all manuscripts on the strict condition that they have been submitted only to Journal CETL, that they have not been published already, nor are they under consideration for publication or in press elsewhere. Authors who fail to adhere to this condition will be charged with all costs which Journal CETL incurs and their papers will not be published.

Contributions to the journal must report original research and will be subjected to review by referees at the discretion of the Editorial Office.

General guidelines

  • UK spelling (e.g. colour, organise) and punctuation are preferred (single quotation marks with double within if needed). However papers will be accepted in both American and British English. Consistency throughout the paper is expected.
  • Articles need to be written in English. All articles should be accompanied by an abstract of no more than 150 words and 4-6 relevant keyword.
  • All pages should be numbered and footnotes avoided if possible.
  • Articles should not normally exceed 8,000 words, including abstract, references, and tables. Papers that greatly exceed this will be critically reviewed with respect to length. Please include a word count at the beginning of their papers.
  • This journal requires a short paragraph of bibliographical details for all contributors.
  • For all manuscripts non-discriminatory language is mandatory. Sexist or racist terms should not be used.
  • Please compile manuscripts in the following order: Title; abstract; keywords; main text; references; appendixes (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figure caption(s) (as a list). If acknowledgements are required, these should be included only after the paper has been refereed, to maintain anonymity.
  • When using a word which is or is asserted to be a proprietary term or trade mark, please use the symbol ® or TM.

Style guidelines

Article style quick guide:

  • Layout: Normal MS Word A4 page layout, one column, top and bottom margin to be 2.54cm, left and right 3.18cm, 1.5 line space.
  • Font: Times New Roman, 12 point.
  • Title: Bold with capital letter for each word
  • Authors’ names: Give the names of all contributing authors on the title page in format of ‘initials.family name’ e.g. W.H.Smith; use and between authors if more than one.
  • Affiliations: List the affiliation of each author (department, university, city, country) if you wish.
  • Correspondence details: Please provide an email address for the corresponding author. Full postal details are also needed by the publisher, but will not necessarily be published.
  • Abstract: please use font Times New Roman 11, and increase indent by 2 unites on both ends.
  • Keywords: Please provide 4 - 6 keywords to help readers find your article.
  • Headings: Please indicate the level of the section headings in your article:
    • First-level headings (e.g. Introduction, Conclusion) should be in bold, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
    • Second-level headings should be in bold italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
    • Third-level headings should be in italics, with an initial capital letter for any proper nouns.
    • Fourth-level headings should also be in italics, at the beginning of a paragraph. The text follows immediately after a full stop (full point) or other punctuation mark.
    • Punctuations: Use double quotation marks with single within if needed.

Tables and figures:

  • Indicate in the text by inserting for example (Table 1). The actual tables and figures should be supplied closeby.
  • Ensure you have permission to use any figures you are reproducing from another source.
  • It is in the author's interest to provide the highest quality figure format possible. Please be sure that all imported scanned material is scanned at the appropriate resolution: 1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for colour.
  • Figures must be saved separate to text. Please do not embed figures in the paper file.
  • All figures must be numbered in the order in which they appear in the paper (e.g. figure 1, figure 2). In multi-part figures, each part should be labelled (e.g. figure 1(a), figure 1(b)).
  • Figure captions must be saved separately, as part of the file containing the complete text of the paper, and numbered correspondingly.
  • Files should be saved as one of the following formats: TIFF (tagged image file format), or PostScript, and should contain all the necessary font information and the source file of the application (e.g. CorelDraw/Mac, CorelDraw/PC).


  • Reference order: References are cited in the text in alphabetical order (the same way they appear in the reference list), separated by a semi-colon (Green, 2002; Harlow, 1983).If you have two authors with the same last name, use first initials with the last names. (E. Johnson, 2001; L. Johnson, 1998).


  • A work by one or two authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word ‘and’ between the authors’ names within the text and use ‘&’ in the parentheses.

E.g., Research by Wegener and Petty (1994) showed... (Wegener & Petty, 1994)


  • A work by three or more authors: List all the authors in the signal phrase or in parentheses the first time you cite the source. (Kernis, Cornell, Sun, Berry, & Harlow, 1993)...In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by et al. in the signal phrase or in parentheses (Kernis et al., 1993).

  • The names of groups that serve as authors (e.g. govt agencies or corporations): can be spelled out each time they appear in a text citation unless it is long or cumbersome, in which case spell it out only the first time and abbreviate it thereafter.

E.g., first citation in text: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH, 2003), Subsequent citations:NIMH (2003)

  • Several works by same author: use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation.

E.g., Research by Green (1981a, 1981b) illustrated that...


  • Citing indirect sources: name the original source in signal phrase. List the secondary source in your reference list and include the secondary source in the parentheses.

E.g., Johnson argued that... (as cited in Smith, 2003, p. 102).


  • Work discussed in a secondary source: List the source the work was discussed in.

E.g., In Seidenberg and McClelland’s study (as cited in Coltheart, Curtis, Atkins, & Haller, 1993), ...

Reference Style quick guide:

References should be listed in alphabetical order. APA (American Psychological Association) references are used in the journal CETL. Following are the most commonly used references provided as a quick guide to contributors, an example has been given to each style wherever possible. For detailed information on reference style, please see the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th edition http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/RES5e_ch09_s1-0009.html.

  • Journal articles: Author, A.A., Author, B.B., & Author, C.C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pp–pp.

Croucher, S. M. (2011).Social Networking and Cultural Adaptation: A Theoretical Model.Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 4(4), 259-264


  • Online journals: Please indicate URL of journal and date of retrieving.


Nunn, R.(2005). Competence and teaching English as an International Language. Asian EFL Journal, 7(3).Retrieved October 16, 2005 from http://www.asian-efl-journal.com/September_05_dn.php


  • Book: Author, A.A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.


Ellis, R. (2003). Task-based language learning and teaching. Oxford: Oxford

University Press.


  • Edited book: use Eds. in brackets followed by year of publication in brackets.

Duncan, G.J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New

York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

Helfer, M.E., Keme, R.S., & Drugman, R.D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL:University of Chicago Press.

  • Electronic Book: Author, A.A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Subtitle. Retrieved from http://www.xxxxxx


  • Non-English Book, title translated:

Real Academia Española. (2001). Diccionario de la lengua española [Dictionary of the Spanish language]. Madrid: Author


  • Translated book: if the English Translation is used as the source, please cite English translation. In the text please cite the original publication date and the date of translation (Laplace, 1814/1951).


Laplace, P.S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities. (F.W. Truscott & F.L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published 1814)


  • Chapter in an edited volume: Please give initials and surnames for all editors with two names use ‘&’ between names and use ‘In’ before the book title.

Long, M. (1991). Focus on form: A design feature in language teaching methodology. In

K. de Bot, R. Ginsberg & C. Kramsch (Eds.), Foreign language research in cross

cultural perspective (pp. 39-52). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.


  • Internet source: Provide the DOI if one has been assigned. Copy and paste this where possible.If no DOI has been assigned, give the home page URL of source and provide date the site was accessed.


Kachru, B.B. (1996) Norms, models and identities. The Language Teacher Online,

20(10). Retrieved October 25, 2001 from



  • Conference proceedings publications, meeting presentations:Author, A. (2007, June). Title of article. Paper presented at the Conference Name, Location. Abstract retrieved from http://www.conference.org/abstracts_2007.htm


Cates, K. (1998). Teaching for a better world: Global issues and language education.

In J. Katchen & Y. Liung (Eds.), The Proceedings of the Seventh International

Symposium on English Teaching (pp. 35-46). Taiwan: Crane.

Ruby, J., & Fulton, C. (1993, June). Beyond redlining: Editing software that works. Poster session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Scholarly Publishing, Washington, DC.

  • Dissertation or thesis: Author, A. (2009). Title of dissertation (Doctoral dissertation/Master’s thesis). Retrieved from Database Name. (Accession/Order No.)

Yoshida, Y. (2001). Essays in urban transportation (Doctoral dissertation, Boston College, 2001). Dissertation Abstract International, 62,7741A

  • Archival documents: Author, A.A. (Year, Month, Day). Title of material. [Description of material]. Name of collection (Call number, Box number, File number, etc). Name and location of repository.


  • Recorded interview: Allan, A. (1988, March 2). Interview by F. Smith [Tape recording]. Oral History Project, Archive Name, Location.


  • Transcribed interview: Allan, A. (1988, March 2). An interview with F. Smith/Interviewer: B. Briggs. Oral History Project, Archive Name, Location.


  • Archived newspaper article: Article title. (1952, March 6). [Clipping from an unidentified London newspaper.] Copy in possession of author.


  • Audio recording

Costa, P.T. (Speaker). (1988). Personality, continuity, and changes of adult life (Cassette Recording No. 207-433-88A-B). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Taupin, B. (1975). Someone saved my life tonight [Recorded by Elton John]. On Captain fantastic and the brown dirt cowboy [CD]. London: Big Pig Music Limited.

  • Email, mailing list, blog: No personal communication (email, interview, letter, etc.) should be included in the reference list. In the text, cite the communicator’s name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication.

(E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).

A.P. Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).

  • Blog post: please provide the information in format:Screen name. (2007, January 23). Re: Title of message [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://xxxxxxxxxxx.phpVideo blog post

The art of the prank.(2012, February 3).Re: Culture Jammers [A subversive spotlight].Retrieved from http://artoftheprank.com/2012/02/03/museum-of-sydney-spotlights-culture-jammers/

  • Interview: No personal communication (email, interview, letter, etc.) should be included in the reference list. In the text, cite the communicator’s name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication.

C.Zhou also claimed that many of his colleagues had difficulties with APA 6th edition style (personal communication, November 10, 2011).

  • Newspaper, magazine, or newsletter article: please provide the month for monthly publications and the day for weeklies.

Henry, W.A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today’s schools. Time, 135, 28–31.

Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp.1A.2A

  • Online newspaper/magazine article: Please give URL of the home page where the online vrsion is available by search. Author, K.M. (2011, August). Title of article: Subtitle. Title of Magazine, 22. Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.com

Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today.Retrieved from http://xxx.xxx.com

  • Report: Author, A. (1988). Title of work (Report No. xxx). Location: Publisher.

Mazzeo, J. (1991) Comparability of computer and paper-and-pencil scores (College Board Rep. No. 91). Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service.

  • Review:

Baumeister, R.F. (1993). Exposing the self-knowledge myth [Review of the book The selfknower: A hero under control by A.A. Author]. Contemporary Psychology, 38, 466–467.


  • TV or radio:

Crystal, L. (Executive Producer). (1993, October 11). The MacNeil/Lehrer news hour [Television broadcast]. Washington, DC: Public Broadcasting Service.

Manuscript submission

All submissions should be emailed to the managing editor at book@cubel.co.uk until otherwise advised. Manuscripts are preferably be submitted in Word format. Please supply a valid email address when submitting a book for review as an electronic file will be sent on publication. All other guidelines regarding submissions apply.


Proposals: Journal CETL welcome submission of article proposals of roughly 250 words when you are planning your article.


Manuscripts: Once manuscript is prepared, please submit TWO versions of your work:

  1. ‘File not for review’: This should be a complete text including all identifying information, author contact details, email and postal address and brief biographical notes. If the paper is accepted, these will be published.
  2. ‘File for review’: this document must not contain any identifying information so that it can be sent for blind review. Please take care to remove all identical information about you as the author and your references to your institution (replace with XX University).

Supplementary online material: Authors are welcome to submit animations, movie files, sound files or any additional information for online publication.

Reproduction of copyright material:

Contributors are required to secure permission for the reproduction of any figure, table or extensive extract (more than fifty words) from the text of a source that is copyrighted or owned by a party or the contributor. This applies to direct reproduction as well as ‘derivative reproduction', where the contributor has created a new figure or table that derives substantially from a copyrighted source. Authors are themselves responsible for the payment of any permission fees required by the copyright owner. Copies of permission letters should be sent with the manuscript upon submission to the Editor(s).

Copyright and authors' rights

It is a condition o.f publication that authors assign copyright or licence the publication rights in their articles, including abstracts, to UniBravo Publishing. This enables us to ensure full copyright protection and to disseminate the article, and of course the Journal, to the widest possible readership in print and electronic formats as appropriate. Authors may, of course, use the article elsewhere after publication without prior permission from UniBravo Publishing, provided that acknowledgement is given to the Journal as the original source of publication, and that UniBravo Publishing is notified so that our records show that its use is properly authorised. Authors are themselves responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyright material from other sources.

If your article is accepted for publication, it will be copy-edited and typeset in the correct style for the journal. If you have any queries, please contact us at book@cubel.co.uk, mentioning the full title of your article.


Proofs will be sent to authors in PDF format if there is sufficient time to do so. They should be corrected and returned to the Publisher within 7 days. Major alterations to the text cannot be accepted.

After publication, corresponding authors will receive free online access to their article through the journal website and a complimentary copy of the issue containing their article.


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.