An Empirical Study on Causal Attribution Regarding Listening Achievement of Chinese English Majors

  • Xiaohui Lian Henan University of Finance and Economics, Zhengzhou
Keywords: Attribution Theory, English Listening;Self-Attribution


Attribution theory plays an important role in the study of self-perception of one’s academic achievement. Through questionnaire-survey and factor analysis, this study explores the attributional factors both of successful and unsuccessful self-attributions for listening achievements, as well as examines the taxonomy and tendency of these factors’ attributional dimensions. Results show that social and self-comparison, rather than the test scores, are the key criteria in self-perception of listening achievements. Student’s effort and teacher’s aid are critical in self-attributions both for successful and unsuccessful learners. Successful learners’ attributions are generally positive while unsuccessful learners’ attributions are adaptive. Gender and grade differences in self-attributions both for successful learners and unsuccessful learners have also been examined and analyzed in this study.

Author Biography

Xiaohui Lian, Henan University of Finance and Economics, Zhengzhou
Department of Foreign Language and Literature Studies